AGROTHESAURUS

FLORA AND FAUNA, Part 3: Crop group

Latin-Slovenian-English glossary of plants and animals

AGROTEZAVER

FLORA IN FAVNA, 3. del: tehnološka raba

Latinsko-slovensko-angleški geslovnik rastlin in živali 

PLANTAE - RASTLINE - PLANTS
Razvrstitev po tehnološki rabi - Rank by crop group or plant type

-čebulnice -bulbous vegetables
-metuljnice -forage legumes (feed legumes)
-drevje in grmovje -trees and shrubs
-gomoljnice in korenovke -root crops
-industrijske rastline -industrial crops
-kapusnice -cole crops (Brassicaceae)

ČEBULNICE - BULBOUS VEGETABLES

Liliaceae

Allium ampeloprasum

poletni luk

elephant garlic

Liliaceae

Allium carinatum

gredljasti luk

keeled garlic

Liliaceae

Allium cepa cepa

čebula

onion

Liliaceae

Allium cepa ascalonicum/Allium ascalonicum

šalotka

shallot

Liliaceae

Allium coppoleri/Allium pallens

bledi luk

dune bentgrass

Liliaceae

Allium fistulosum

zimski luk

Welsh onion/Japanese bunching onion

Liliaceae

Allium kermesinum

škrlatni luk

crimson leek/kamnik leek

Liliaceae

Allium neapolitanum

neapeljski luk

daffodil garlic

Liliaceae

Allium oleraceum

zelenjadni luk

field garlic

Liliaceae

Allium paniculatum/Allium tenuiflorum

latasti luk

panicled onion

Liliaceae

Allium porrum

por

leek

Liliaceae

Allium roseum

rožnati luk

rosy garlic

Liliaceae

Allium sativum sativum

česen

garlic

Liliaceae

Allium schoenoprasum alpinum/Allium sibiricum

gorski drobnjak

wild chives

Liliaceae

Allium schoenoprasum schoenoprasum

drobnjak

chives/schnittlaugh

Liliaceae

Allium scorodoprasum

divji luk

giant garlic/spanish g./sand leek

Liliaceae

Allium sphaerocephalon

oblasti luk

drumstick flowering onion

Liliaceae

Allium ursinum

čemaž

ramsons/wild garlic

Liliaceae

Allium victorialis

vanež

alpine leek

Liliaceae

Allium vineale

vinograjski luk

crow garlic

METULJNICE - FORAGE LEGUMES (FEED LEGUMES)

Fabaceae

Lotus corniculatus

navadna nokota

birdsfoot trefoil/bacon-and-eggs

Fabaceae

Medicago lupulina

hmeljna meteljka/osenica

black madic/hop clover/yellow trefoil

Fabaceae

Medicago sativa

lucerna/nemška detelja

lucerne

Fabaceae

Melilotus alba

bela medena detelja

white sweetclover/white melilot

Fabaceae

Onobrychis viciifolia

navadna turška detelja/esparzeta

sainfoin

Fabaceae

Trifolium alexandrium

aleksandrijska detelja

Egyptian clover/berseem

Fabaceae

Trifolium hybridum

švedska detelja/hibridna detelja

alsike clover/Swedish clover

Fabaceae

Trifolium incarnatum

inkarnatka/rdeča detelja

crimson clover

Fabaceae

Trifolium pratense

črna detelja

red clover/purple clover

Fabaceae

Trifolium repens

bela detelja/plazeča detelja

white clover/dutch clover

Fabaceae

Trifolium resupinatum

perzijska detelja/ zasukanocvetna detelja

Persian clover/reversed clover/shaftal clover/

DREVJE IN GRMOVJE - TREES AND SHRUBS

Aceraceae Acer campestre poljski javor/maklen common maple/field maple
Aceraceae Acer monspessulanum trokrpi javor montpelier maple
Aceraceae Acer negundo amerikanski javor box elder

Aceraceae

Acer pseudoplatanus

beli/gorski javor

sycamore maple

Aceraceae Acer saccharum sladkorni javor sugar maple

Betulaceae

Alnus glutinosa

črna jelša

black alder

Betulaceae

Betula pendula

navadna breza

silver birch

Betulaceae Betula pubescens puhasta breza mountain birch

Caprifoliaceae

Sambucus canadensis

bezeg

american elder

Caprifoliaceae Sambucus nigra črni bezeg common/European elder

Carpinaceae

Carpinus betulus

beli/navadni gaber

common hornbeam

Carpinaceae Carpinus orientalis kraški gaber oriental hornbeam
Carpinaceae Ostrya carpinifolia črni gaber hop hornbeam

Cornaceae

Cornus florida

dren

dogwood

Corylaceae

Corylus avellana

navadna leska

hazel/hazelnut

Cupressaceae

Cupressus sempervirens

cipresa

common cypress

Cupressaceae Juniperus communis navadni brin common juniper

Cupressaceae

Juniperus oxycedrus

rdečeplodni brin

prickly juniper

Cupressaceae Juniperus sabina smrdljivi brin savin juniper
Cupressaceae Thuja occidentalis ameriški klek american  arborvitae

Cupressaceae

Thuja orientalis

vzhodni klek

Chinese arborvitae/ oriental arborvitae

Ericaceae

Rhododendron hirsutum

dlakavi sleč

rhododendron

Fabaceae Ceratonia siliqua rožičevec carob tree/locust bean

Fabaceae

Robinia pseudacacia

robinija

false acacia/black locust

Fagaceae

Castanea sativa

pravi kostanj

sweet chestnut

Fagaceae

Fagus sylvatica

bukev

beech

Fagaceae Quercus cerris cer Turkey oak
Fagaceae Quercus ilex črničevje holm oak

Fagaceae

Quercus petraea

graden

sessile oak

Fagaceae Quercus pubescens puhasti hrast pubescent oak
Fagaceae Quercus robur dob pedunculate oak
Fagaceae Quercus rubra rdeči hrast red oak

Ginkgoaceae

Gingko biloba

dvokrpi ginko

maidenhair/gingko

Hippocastanaceae

Aesculus hippocastanum

divji kostanj

horse chestnut

Junglandaceae

Juglans nigra

črni oreh

black walnut

Junglandaceae Juglans regia navadni oreh walnut

Moraceae

Morus alba

bela murva

white mulberry

Moraceae Morus nigra črna murva black mulberry

Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus globulus/ Eucalyptus radiata

evkaliptus

eucalyptus

Oleaceae

Fraxinus excelsior

veliki jesen

European ash/ common ash

Oleaceae Fraxinus ornus mali jesen flowering ash/manna ash

Pinaceae

Abies alba

bela jelka/navadna jelka

silver fir

Pinaceae

Cedrus atlantica

atlantska cedra

Atlas cedar

Pinaceae

Larix decidua

evropski macesen

European larch

Pinaceae

Picea abies

navadna smreka

Norway spruce

Pinaceae Picea pungens bodeča smreka blue spruce

Pinaceae

Pinus mugo

rušje

dwarf pine/mugo pine

Pinaceae Pinus nigra črni bor black pine
Pinaceae Pinus pinea pinija stone pine
Pinaceae Pinus strobus gladki bor white pine
Pinaceae Pinus sylvestris rdeči bor Scots pine

Pinaceae

Tsuga canadensis

kanadska čuga

eastern hemlock

Platanaceae

Platanus (hybrida)

platana

plane

Rosaceae

Crataegus curvisepala

čašasti glog

hawthorn

Rosaceae Sorbus aria navadni mokovec whitebeam

Rosaceae

Sorbus aucuparia 

navadna jerebika

European mountain ash/rowan

Rosaceae Sorbus torminalis brek wild service tree/checker tree
Salicaceae Populus alba beli topol white poplar

Salicaceae

Populus nigra

črni topol

black poplar

Salicaceae Populus tremula trepetlika aspen

Salicaceae

Salix alba

bela vrba

white willow

Salicaceae Salix babylonica vrba žalujka weeping willow
Salicaceae Salix caprea  iva goat willow
Salicaceae Salix daphnoides volčinasta vrba violet willow
Salicaceae Salix fragilis krhka vrba crack willow
Salicaceae Salix viminalis beka osier willow

Taxaceae

Taxus baccata

tisa

yew

Tiliaceae

Tilia cordata

lipovec

linden/lime

Tiliaceae Tilia platyphyllos navadna lipa lime
Ulmaceae Celtis australis navadni koprivovec hackberry tree
Ulmaceae Ulmus glabra goli brest elm

Ulmaceae

Ulmus laevis

dolgopecljati brest/vez

European white elm

GOMOLJNICE IN KORENOVKE - ROOT CROPS

Apiaceae

Apium graveolens dulce

belušna zelena/belilna zelena

celery

Apiaceae

Apium graveolens rapaceum

gomoljna zelena

celeriac

Apiaceae

Apium graveolens secalinum

listna zelena

celery

Apiaceae

Daucus carota sativus

korenček/navadno korenje/krmno korenje

carrot

Apiaceae

Pastinaca sativa sativa

pastinak/navadni rebrinec

parsnip

Apiaceae

Petroselinum crispum tuberosum

korenasti peteršilj

root parsley/Hamburg paresly

Apiaceae

Petroselinum crispum/ Petroselinum hortense

peteršilj

parsley

Apiaceae

Petroselinum crispum crispum

kodrolistni peteršilj

curly parsley

Apiaceae

Petroselinum crispum neapolitanum

listni peteršilj

flat-leaf parsley/Italian parsley

Asteraceae

Helianthus tuberosus

topinambur/laška repa

jerusalem artichoke

Asteraceae

Scorzonera hispanica edulis

črni koren

viper grass/black salsify

Brassicaceae

Armoracia rusticana/ Armoracia lapathifolia

hren

horseradish

Brassicaceae

Brassica napus rapifera/Brassica napus napobrassica

podzemna koleraba/kavla/koleraba

sweede/rutabaga /Swedish turnip/ turnip-rooted cabbage/

Brassicaceae

Brassica rapa rapa

vrtna repa/strniščna repa

turnip

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus

vrtna redkev

radish

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus niger

črna redkev

black radish

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus oleiformis

oljna redkev

oil-seed radish/oil radish/fooder radish

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus radicula

redkvica

radish

Brassicaceae

Raphanus sativus sativus

mesečna redkvica

turnip radish/little radish

Chenopodiaceae

Beta vulgaris vulgaris rapacea/Brassica vulgaris rapacea

krmna pesa

fodder beet

Chenopodiaceae

Beta vulgaris vulgaris vulgaris/Beta vulgaris conditiva

rdeča pesa

beet/beetroot/garden beet

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea batatas

sladki krompir

sweet potato

Dioscoreaceae

Dioscorea spp.

krompir yam

yam

Euphorbiaceae

Manihot esculenta

maniok/kasava

cassava/tapioca/manioc

Solanaceae

Solanum tuberosum

krompir

potato

INDUSTRIJSKE RASTLINE - INDUSTRIAL CROPS 

Arecaceae

Elaeis guineensis

oljna palma

oil palm

Asteraceae

Helianthus annuus

navadna sončnica

sunflower

Brassicaceae

Brassica rapa silvestris/ Brassica campestris

krmna repica

annual turnip rape

Brassicaceae

Brassica napus napus/Brassica napus oleifera

oljna ogrščica/krmna ogrščica

oilseed rape/rapeseed/oil rape/canola

Brassicaceae

Brassica nigra

črna ogrščica

black mustard

Brassicaceae

Brassica rapa rapa

vrtna repa/strniščna repa

turnip

Brassicaceae

Brassica rapa oleifera

oljna repica

oilseed rape/rapeseed/turnip rape/canola

Brassicaceae

Camelina sativa

navadni riček

gold of pleasure

Brassicaceae

Sinapis alba

bela gorjušica/bela gorčica

white mustard

Cannabeceae

Cannabis sativa

navadna konoplja

hemp/indian hempplant

Cannabeceae

Humulus lupulus

navadni hmelj/pravi hmelj

hops/common hop

Cannabeceae

Humulus scandens/Humulus japonicus

enoletni hmelj

japanese hop

Chenopodiaceae

Beta vulgaris vulgaris altissima/ Beta vulgaris saccharifera

sladkorna pesa

sugarbeet

Euphorbiaceae

Hevea brasiliensis

kavčuk

rubber

Euphorbiaceae

Ricinus communis

kloščevec/ricinus

castor oil plant

Linaceae

Linum usitatissimum

navadni lan

flax

Malvaceae

Gossypium

bombaževec

cotton

Papilionoideae

Indigofera spp.

indigo

indigo

Pedaliaceae

Sesamum indicum

sezam

sesame

Poaceae

Saccharum officinarum

sladkorni trs

sugarcane

Solanaceae

Nicotiana alata

krilati tobak

flowering tobacco

Solanaceae

Nicotiana rustica

kmečki tobak

small tobacco plant/wild tobacco

Solanaceae

Nicotiana tabacum

navadni tobak

tobacco

Ta skupina je nejasno definirana, saj bi lahko k industrijskim teoretično prišteli vse rastline, ki se predelujejo.

KAPUSNICE - COLE CROPS (Brassicaceae)

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea botrytis botrytis/Brassica cretica botrytis

cvetača

cauliflower

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea capitata capitata

belo zelje/glavnato zelje

head cabbage/white cabbage

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea capitata capitata rubra/Brassica oleracea capitata rubra/Brassica oleracea rubra

rdeče zelje

red cabbage

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea fruticosa gemmifera/Brassica oleracea gemmifera

brstični ohrovt/popčar

brussels sprouts

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea acephala medullosa

krmni ohrovt

marrowstem kale

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea caulorapa gongylodes

kolerabica

kohlrabi

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea botrytis italica

brokoli

broccoli

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea sabauda/Brassica oleracea bullata

ohrovt

savoy cabbage

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea oleracea acephala/Brassica oleracea lacinita

kodrolistni ohrovt

kale/curly kale

Brassicaceae

Brassica pekinensis

kitajski kapus

chinese cabbage


Ključne besede:

večjezični tezaver/tezavri, geslovnik/geslovniki, geselnik/geselniki, slovar/slovarji, glosar/glosarji, besednjak/besednjaki, terminologija, klasifikacija, kmetijstvo, biotehnika

Key-words:

multilingual thesaurus/thesauri, dictionary/dictionaries, glossary/glossaries, vocabulary/vocabularies, wordbook/wordbooks, terminology, classification, agriculture